2. For Qiú, see the main bibliography.

3. I’m certainly not the first to use “semantic compound” as equivalent for 会意 graphs. For example, it’s also used in Hsuan-Chih Chen, Jian Wang, Ralph Radach, Albrecht Inhoff, Reading Chinese Script: A Cognitive Analysis. Psychology Press, 1999.

4. Barry B. Powel, Writing: Theory and history of the technology of civilizaiton. Wiley-Blackwell, Chichester etc., 2012, pp. 13-35; p. 261. (Emphasis in original.)